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Herpetologists' League. Scientific Name: Crotalus or Sistrurus Common Name: Rattlesnake Basic Animal Group: Reptile Size: 1.5–8.5 feet Weight: 2–15 pounds Lifespan: 10–25 years Diet: Carnivore Habitat: Diverse habitats; most commonly open, rocky areas, but also native to deserts, prairies, and forests Conservation Status: Most species are Least Concern, but a few species are Endangered

Occurs from sea level to 1,500 m altitude. exsul.

Within its range, from southwestern California to Cabo San Lucas as well as some offshore islands, the red diamond rattlesnake, says the U. S. Geological Survey, prefers "coastal sage scrub, rocky hillsides, and outcrops." In 2000, the ICZN published Opinion 1960 in which they ruled C. ruber should have precedence over C. Habitat: Inhabits the cooler coastal zone, over the mountains and into the desert beyond. / [4], Crotalus ruber is very similar in pattern to C. atrox, but it is distinguished by its reddish color, to which the specific name, ruber, refers.

McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999.

Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. Definition: x has habitat y if: x is an organism, y is a habitat, and y can sustain and allow the growth of a population of x; show all records.

Campbell JA, Lamar WW. Females give birth in August, to between 3 and 20 young. Comments Off on Red Diamond Rattlesnake (1986) showed it contains at least three proteolytic hemorrhagins that degrade fibrinogen and cause myonecrosis, but no Mojave toxin. Also lizards and other snakes are part of the diet of this species. (7th printing, 1985). Smith HM, Brown LE, Chiszar D, Grismer LL, Allen GS, Fishbein A, Hollingsworth BD, McGuire JA, Wallach V, Strimple P, Liner EA. [10] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because they are unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. This species lives throughout Baja California, but is also found near the California-Mexico border.

It also inhabits a number of islands in the Gulf of California, including Angel de la Guarda, Pond, San Lorenzo del Sur, San Marcos, Danzante, Monserrate and San José. The largest specimen on record measured 162 cm (64 in) (Klauber, 1937). Ditmars RL.

LCCCN 73-229.

Reptile City, Crotalus ruber is a venomous pit viper species found in southwestern California in the United States and Baja California in Mexico. Its range extends from San Diego to the Salton Sea.

Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. [2] The form found on Cedros Island, previously described as C. exsul, was referred to as the Cedros Island diamond rattlesnake,[8] or Cedros Island rattlesnake. Females give birth in August, to between three and 20 young. Garman S. 1884.

It prefers the dense chaparral country of the foothills, cactus patches, and boulders covered with brush, from sea level to 1,500 m in altitude. Conservation Status: This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).

203-217. MtDNA gene sequence, allozyme, and morphological uniformity among red diamond rattlesnakes. 329 pp. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crotalus_ruber, The United States in southwestern California, and Mexico in Baja California, except for the Cape region of lower Baja California. The Diamondback, or Diamondback Rattlesnake, a type of pit viper.People refer to two species of rattlesnakes as “Diamondbacks,” the Eastern and the Western..

Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 14(882): 589-694. (1983) did have Mojave toxin and lacked hemorrhagic activity. (1998) petitioned the ICZN to validate ruber over exsul in the interest of nomenclatural stability. Nonetheless, a bite from this species is still a medical emergency and can be fatal without prompt antivenom treatment. [7], Common names include: red diamond rattlesnake, red rattlesnake, red diamond snake, red diamond-backed rattlesnake, red rattler, and western diamond rattlesnake. Behavior: Most often encountered in spring, coiled in a shelter in partial sun or corssing the road at night. Snakes from coastal populations consume prey of larger body mass than snakes from desert populations. [9], Red diamond rattlesnakes are found in the United States in southwestern California and southward through the Baja California peninsula, although not in the desert east of the Sierra de Juárez in northeastern Baja California. Range: Southwestern California south through Baja. Off the west coast of Baja California, it is found on Isla de Santa Margarita, which is off Baja California Sur, and (as C. exsul) on Isla de Cedros. Systemic symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, coagulopathy, clinical bleeding and hemolysis. [5], The dorsal scales are usually arranged in 29 rows, but may vary from 25 to 31 rows. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Nearctic.svg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecozone_Neotropic.svg, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0019953, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GAZ_00000071, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002470, http://eol.org/schema/terms/Sonoran_desert, http://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/NA1310, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0040011, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002445, http://eol.org/schema/terms/population_trend, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002458, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002439, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0000003. Year assessed: 2007. [3], This moderately large species commonly exceeds 100 cm (39 in) on the mainland. The red diamond rattlesnake is fairly large in size, ranging from 30 to 65 inches in length.

A critical review of the characters and variations of the snakes of North America.

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