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The name is derived from the Latin words "istunus" or "iustus", which means "just". These forms of Zenobia were favored as birth names a century ago (AVERAGE #935). [58], According to the Augustan History, Odaenathus was assassinated by a cousin named Maeonius. [206] Septimius Antiochus may have been Vaballathus' younger brother, or was presented in this manner for political reasons; Antiochus was proclaimed emperor in 273, when Palmyra revolted against Rome for a second time. characterized by cleverness or originality of invention or construction. Zenobia (240 – c. 274) was a 3rd-century Syrian queen of the Palmyrene Empire who led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire. [161][94], The usurpation, which began in late March or early April 272, ended by August. Zenobia as a girls' name is pronounced ze-NOH-bee-ah. Zenobia Popularity. Thank you for your support. [110], Only Zosimus mentioned two invasions, contrasting with many scholars who argue in favor of an initial invasion and no retreat (followed by a reinforcement, which took Alexandria by the end of 270). Want to know how your name choice may effect your child? [96] In Arabia the Roman governor (dux), Trassus (commanding the Legio III Cyrenaica),[note 13] confronted the Palmyrenes and was routed and killed. [80] The account is doubtful, however, since Heraclianus participated in Gallienus' assassination in 268. Last year it ranked 3,650th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby girl names. [169] Galatia fell easily; the Palmyrene garrisons were apparently withdrawn, and the provincial capital of Ancyra was regained without a struggle. [20] Nothing is known about her mother, and her father's identity is debated. Jupiter is the Ruling Planet for the name Zenobia one baby born out of every 3 babies have a birth mark present on their body. [223], Her most lasting legacy is in Syria, where the queen is a national symbol. [100], The Roman position was worsened by the absence of Egypt's prefect, Tenagino Probus, who was battling pirates. [148] The queen opened the doors of her government to Eastern nobility. [20] The archaeologist Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau, attempting to reconcile the meaning of the name "Bat Zabbai" with the inscription mentioning the queen as daughter of Antiochus, suggested that two brothers, Zabbai and Antiochus, existed, with a childless Zabbai dying and leaving his widow to marry his brother Antiochus. [221], Zenobia has inspired scholars, academics, musicians and actors; her fame has lingered in the West, and is supreme in the Middle East. [23][21] Noble families in Palmyra often intermarried, and it is probable that Zenobia and Odaenathus shared some ancestors.[9]. We are unable to respond on request for personalized assistance at the moment. [77] This conflict was the first step on the road to war between Rome and Palmyra. Alternate names include Zenovia, Zinovia.

[45] Jadhimah ibn Malik, the Tanukhid king who killed the queen's father, was killed by al-Zabba'. When a baby is of age lesser than six months, repeated things occur to him as the same things. [184] The queen's reported cowardice in defeat was probably Aurelian's propaganda; it benefited the emperor to paint Zenobia as selfish and traitorous, discouraging the Palmyrenes from hailing her as a hero. It consists of 7 letters and 4 syllables and is pronounced Ze-no-bi-a. [56] In 267, when Zenobia was in her late twenties or early thirties, Odaenathus and his eldest son were assassinated while returning from a campaign. [194][192] They may have been the result of a reported marriage to a Roman spouse or offspring who accompanied her from Palmyra; both theories, however, are tentative. [16] Palmyrene sculptures were normally impersonal, unlike Greek and Roman ones: a statue of Zenobia would have given an idea of her general style in dress and jewelry but would not have revealed her true appearance. [224], Harold Mattingly called Zenobia "one of the most romantic figures in history". [156] It is unlikely that Aurelian would have accepted such power-sharing,[155] but he was unable to act in 271 due to crises in the West. The second wife of King Septimius Odaenathus, Zenobia became queen of the Palmyrene Empire following Odaenathus' death in 267. [97] Syrian subjugation required less effort because Zenobia had substantial support there, particularly in Antioch,[101] Syria's traditional capital. [72] Although the Roman emperors accepted the royal succession, the assumption of Roman military rank antagonized the empire. [95] The Tanukhids near Bostra and the merchants of Alexandria probably attempted to rid themselves of Palmyrene domination, triggering a military response from Zenobia. [112] In Cairo,[138] a plaque originally bearing an inscription confirming a grant of immunity to a Jewish synagogue in the last quarter of the first millennium BC by King Ptolemy Euergetes (I or II) was found. anxiety caused by a dread of environmental perils, … [note 2][15], No contemporary statues of Zenobia have been found in Palmyra or elsewhere, only inscriptions on statues bases survive, indicating that a statue of the queen once stood in the place; most known representations of Zenobia are the idealized portraits of her found on her coins. The Roman East traditionally included all the Roman lands in Asia east of the, A plausible scenario, according to the historian, An often-cited argument for limited territorial control is that the.

[23] According to Stoneman, Zenobia "had reason to believe [her Seleucid ancestry] to be true". [20] The historian Trevor Bryce suggests that she was related to Septimius Zabbai, Palmyra's garrison leader, and he may even have been her father.

The palace was probably established by Odaenathus who crowned his son in Antioch. Though her mien was in general haughty, she flattered Zenobia, and consummately. Today, 9 October, is the penultimate day of this year’s World Space Week, a UN event launched in 1999. [87] During Zenobia's early regency, she focused on safeguarding the borders with Persia and pacifying the Tanukhids in Hauran. , Arabic [7] In Greek—Palmyra's diplomatic and second language, used in many Palmyrene inscriptions—she used the name Zenobia ("one whose life derives from Zeus").

[99] The city of Umm el-Jimal may have also been destroyed by the Palmyrenes in connection with their efforts to subjugate the Tanukhids. The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. She was tolerant toward her subjects and protected religious minorities. (2000 U.S. Her Greek name was used as an approximation of her native Aramaic name. [229] To Matar, the queen kindled hope for a new Zenobia who would restore Syria's former grandeur. [35] According to modern scholars, by Cleopatra Callinicus meant Zenobia. 10 Types Of Nouns Used In The English Language. [151] Although the queen did not interfere in day-to-day administration, she probably had the power to command the governors in the organization of border security. Zenobia is generally used as a girl's name.
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